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Species Plantarum

Species Plantarum ("The Species of Plants") was first published in 1753, as a two-volume work by Carl Linnaeus. Its prime importance is perhaps that it is the primary starting point of plant nomenclature as it exists today. This means that the first names to be considered validly published in botany are those that appear in this book and his Genera Plantarum ed. 5 (1753). In the book Linnaeus listed all plants known to him, directly or from his extensive reading.The classification employed in the work allowed easy identification of plants, by placing every genus into an artificial class and order. By counting pistils and stamens, anybody, even without much knowledge of plants, was able to get to a listing of genera that the plant in question should belong to.Linnaeus gave a formal multiple-word description to each plant and an additional epithet to be used with the genus for easier reference, thus separating taxonomy from nomenclature. For example, the tomato was described (page 185) as SOLANUM caule inermi herbaceo foliis pinnatis incisis, racemis simplicibus. The given epithet was Lycopersicum.This was the first consistent use of naming structure for plants, and laid the basis for modern nomenclature. The binary name SOLANUM Lycopersicum (now rendered Solanum lycopersicum) very soon took over in usage because of its brevity, and the multiple-word definitions were no longer treated as formal names.     

Author Name :Carl von Linn

No Of Visit :676      Posted Comments :

Da Xue Zhang Ju

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Author Name :Xi Zhu

No Of Visit :644      Posted Comments :

Szachy i Warcaby: Droga do mistrzostwa

tniej obecnie dwie teorie na temat pochodzenia tej gry. Jedna utrzymuje, e warcaby s uproszczonymi szachami, druga twierdzi, e powstay one z przeniesienia hiszpaskiej gry Alquerque de doze na szachownic.     

Author Name :Edward Lasker

No Of Visit :757      Posted Comments :

Sklepy Cynamonowe

Sklepy cynamonowe to zbir opowiadan Brunona Schulza, mieszkanca malego galicyjskiego miasta, Drohobycza. Poczatkowo autor nie zamierzal ich wydac - zdecydowal sie na to po rozmowie z zachwycona jego twrczoscia Zofia Nalkowska. Opowiadania powstawaly w latach 1931-1933 jako dopiski do listw do Debory Vogel, wydane zostaly w 1933 (postdatowane na 1934). Ksiazka opowiada historie rodziny Brunona Schulza - jedna z wiodacych postaci jest ojciec artysty, Jakub Schulz.     

Author Name :Bruno Schulz

No Of Visit :639      Posted Comments :

Language Policy

Bernard Spolsky looks at the many debates at the forefront of language policy in this up-to-date introduction. The topics covered include ideas of correctness and bad language; bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and language education policy. Spolsky develops a theory of modern national language policy and the major forces controlling it and explores questions that arise concerning the recognition of language policies and language management.     

Author Name :Bernard Spolsky

No Of Visit :649      Posted Comments :

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