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Species Plantarum

Species Plantarum ("The Species of Plants") was first published in 1753, as a two-volume work by Carl Linnaeus. Its prime importance is perhaps that it is the primary starting point of plant nomenclature as it exists today. This means that the first names to be considered validly published in botany are those that appear in this book and his Genera Plantarum ed. 5 (1753). In the book Linnaeus listed all plants known to him, directly or from his extensive reading.The classification employed in the work allowed easy identification of plants, by placing every genus into an artificial class and order. By counting pistils and stamens, anybody, even without much knowledge of plants, was able to get to a listing of genera that the plant in question should belong to.Linnaeus gave a formal multiple-word description to each plant and an additional epithet to be used with the genus for easier reference, thus separating taxonomy from nomenclature. For example, the tomato was described (page 185) as SOLANUM caule inermi herbaceo foliis pinnatis incisis, racemis simplicibus. The given epithet was Lycopersicum.This was the first consistent use of naming structure for plants, and laid the basis for modern nomenclature. The binary name SOLANUM Lycopersicum (now rendered Solanum lycopersicum) very soon took over in usage because of its brevity, and the multiple-word definitions were no longer treated as formal names.     

Author Name :Carl von Linn

No Of Visit :676      Posted Comments :

Da Xue Zhang Ju

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Author Name :Xi Zhu

No Of Visit :644      Posted Comments :

Szachy i Warcaby: Droga do mistrzostwa

tniej obecnie dwie teorie na temat pochodzenia tej gry. Jedna utrzymuje, e warcaby s uproszczonymi szachami, druga twierdzi, e powstay one z przeniesienia hiszpaskiej gry Alquerque de doze na szachownic.     

Author Name :Edward Lasker

No Of Visit :755      Posted Comments :

Sklepy Cynamonowe

Sklepy cynamonowe to zbir opowiadan Brunona Schulza, mieszkanca malego galicyjskiego miasta, Drohobycza. Poczatkowo autor nie zamierzal ich wydac - zdecydowal sie na to po rozmowie z zachwycona jego twrczoscia Zofia Nalkowska. Opowiadania powstawaly w latach 1931-1933 jako dopiski do listw do Debory Vogel, wydane zostaly w 1933 (postdatowane na 1934). Ksiazka opowiada historie rodziny Brunona Schulza - jedna z wiodacych postaci jest ojciec artysty, Jakub Schulz.     

Author Name :Bruno Schulz

No Of Visit :635      Posted Comments :

Language Policy

Bernard Spolsky looks at the many debates at the forefront of language policy in this up-to-date introduction. The topics covered include ideas of correctness and bad language; bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and language education policy. Spolsky develops a theory of modern national language policy and the major forces controlling it and explores questions that arise concerning the recognition of language policies and language management.     

Author Name :Bernard Spolsky

No Of Visit :648      Posted Comments :

Advanced Grammar

Students gain confidence to use the language through lots of natural examples and practice to help them acquire natural language. Longman Advanced Learner's Grammaris a valuable resource for all upper-level students, especially those preparing for exams like Cambridge ESOL CAE and CPE. Diagnostic testing shows students exactly where they need to focus, while the CAE/CPE task types familiarise students with the format of the exams.     

Author Name :D. Hall

No Of Visit :532      Posted Comments :

Supplment au voyage de Bougainville(french)

Supplment au voyage de Bougainville is a philosophical dialogue published in 1772, and written in reaction to Louis Antoine de Bougainville's Voyage autour du monde. Diderot describes dialogues which are pretexts to discuss slavery, colonisation, the Catholic faith and other subjects typical of the Age of Enlightenment.     

Author Name :

No Of Visit :219      Posted Comments :

Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises

This book of supplementary grammar exercises for elementary and lower intermediate students of English accompanies the second edition of Essential Grammar in Use. It contains a wealth of additional exercises which provide students with further practice of the grammar they have studied. - Provides challenging contrastive practice of the forms students of this level find most difficult. - Offers a wide variety of interesting exercise types with clear illustration.     

Author Name :Helen Naylor, Raymond Murphy

No Of Visit :515      Posted Comments :

Focus on Advanced English C.A.E

The Teachers Book gives clear unit notes, full answers and tapescripts Photocopiable unit tests are provided to check progress.     

Author Name :Sue O'Connell

No Of Visit :537      Posted Comments :

Romano Lavo-Lil

George Henry Borrow was a 19th century writer who wrote novels and travelogues based on his travels around Europe. Through his travels Borrow developed a close relationship with the Romani people, which play a prominent role in his books The Bible in Spain and Lavengro. Besides being a dictionary of the Romani language Borrow has included gypsy verse and songs, scripture and the Lords Prayer, gypsy names, fortune telling, and basic information about gypsies. The book begins, "The Gypsies of England call their language, as the Gypsies of many other countries call theirs, Romany or Romanes, a word either derived from the Indian Ram or Rama, which signifies a husband, or from the town Rome, which took its name either from the Indian Ram, or from the Gaulic word, Rom, which is nearly tantamount to husband or man, for as the Indian Ram means a husband or man, so does the Gaulic Pom signify that which constitutes a man and enables him to become a husband."     

Author Name :George Borrow

No Of Visit :525      Posted Comments :

Dutch A Comprehensive Grammar

Dutch: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Dutch grammar. This completely updated new edition covers the new spelling system introduced in 1997 and the latest reform of 2005. A new section covers modal particles.     

Author Name :Bruce Donaldson

No Of Visit :505      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Estonian

This new edition of Colloquial Estonian is easy to use and completely up-to-date.     

Author Name :Christopher Moseley

No Of Visit :174      Posted Comments :

Swedish An Essential Grammar

This new edition of Swedish: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Swedish grammar. It has been fully updated to reflect recent changes in a few areas of usage and to employ the new standards that have been set in the description of language.     

Author Name :Philip Holmes and Ian Hinchliffe

No Of Visit :195      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Yoruba

Specially written by an experienced teacher for self-study or class use, this easy to use and up to date course provides a step-by-step approach to written and spoken Yoruba with no prior knowledge of the language required.     

Author Name :Antonia Yetunde Folarin Schleicher

No Of Visit :200      Posted Comments :

Modern Hebrew An Essential Grammar Third Edition

This third edition of Modern Hebrew: An Essential Grammar is an up-to-date and practical reference guide to the most important aspects of modern Hebrew, as used by contemporary native speakers of the language.     

Author Name :Lewis Glinert

No Of Visit :512      Posted Comments :


Developed with the beginner in mind, this Grammar uses abundant examples and extensive cross-referencing to present the language in an engaging and accessible manner.     

Author Name :William Z.Shetter and Esther Ham

No Of Visit :512      Posted Comments :


The book in your hand is neither a dictionary nor an encyclo- pedia, but something in between. As its title suggests, it pro- vides fairly detailed coverage of over 300 key concepts in the study of language. The named concepts selected for inclusion are all among the most important in the ?eld and among those which every beginning student is likely to encounter.     

Author Name :R.L. Trask

No Of Visit :505      Posted Comments :


Intermediate Irish: A Grammar and Workbook is designed for learners who have achieved a basic pro?ciency and wish to progress to more complex language. This workbook, along with its companion volume Basic Irish, provides summaries of the essential points of Irish grammar as well as opportunities to practice using the structures of the language. Intermediate Irish introduces more complex grammatical structures and builds on the lessons of Basic Irish. Each of the twenty-?ve units summarizes a vital grammatical or vocabulary point with many often neglected aspects of usage being discussed and explained.     

Author Name :Nancy Stenson

No Of Visit :523      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Irish

Specially written by experienced teachers, this easy to use and completely up-to-date course provides a step-by-step approach to spoken and written Irish with no prior knowledge of the language required.     

Author Name :Thomas Ihde , Maire Ni Neachtain , Roslyn Blyn-LaDrew , John Gillen

No Of Visit :175      Posted Comments :

German An Essential Grammar

German: An Essential Grammar is a practical reference guide to the core structures and features of modern German. Presenting a fresh and accessible description of the language, this engaging grammar uses clear, jargon-free explanations and sets out the complexities of German in short, readable sections.     

Author Name :Bruce Donaldson

No Of Visit :518      Posted Comments :


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