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Species Plantarum

Species Plantarum ("The Species of Plants") was first published in 1753, as a two-volume work by Carl Linnaeus. Its prime importance is perhaps that it is the primary starting point of plant nomenclature as it exists today. This means that the first names to be considered validly published in botany are those that appear in this book and his Genera Plantarum ed. 5 (1753). In the book Linnaeus listed all plants known to him, directly or from his extensive reading.The classification employed in the work allowed easy identification of plants, by placing every genus into an artificial class and order. By counting pistils and stamens, anybody, even without much knowledge of plants, was able to get to a listing of genera that the plant in question should belong to.Linnaeus gave a formal multiple-word description to each plant and an additional epithet to be used with the genus for easier reference, thus separating taxonomy from nomenclature. For example, the tomato was described (page 185) as SOLANUM caule inermi herbaceo foliis pinnatis incisis, racemis simplicibus. The given epithet was Lycopersicum.This was the first consistent use of naming structure for plants, and laid the basis for modern nomenclature. The binary name SOLANUM Lycopersicum (now rendered Solanum lycopersicum) very soon took over in usage because of its brevity, and the multiple-word definitions were no longer treated as formal names.     

Author Name :Carl von Linn

No Of Visit :668      Posted Comments :

Da Xue Zhang Ju

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Author Name :Xi Zhu

No Of Visit :633      Posted Comments :

Szachy i Warcaby: Droga do mistrzostwa

tniej obecnie dwie teorie na temat pochodzenia tej gry. Jedna utrzymuje, e warcaby s uproszczonymi szachami, druga twierdzi, e powstay one z przeniesienia hiszpaskiej gry Alquerque de doze na szachownic.     

Author Name :Edward Lasker

No Of Visit :741      Posted Comments :

Sklepy Cynamonowe

Sklepy cynamonowe to zbir opowiadan Brunona Schulza, mieszkanca malego galicyjskiego miasta, Drohobycza. Poczatkowo autor nie zamierzal ich wydac - zdecydowal sie na to po rozmowie z zachwycona jego twrczoscia Zofia Nalkowska. Opowiadania powstawaly w latach 1931-1933 jako dopiski do listw do Debory Vogel, wydane zostaly w 1933 (postdatowane na 1934). Ksiazka opowiada historie rodziny Brunona Schulza - jedna z wiodacych postaci jest ojciec artysty, Jakub Schulz.     

Author Name :Bruno Schulz

No Of Visit :625      Posted Comments :

Language Policy

Bernard Spolsky looks at the many debates at the forefront of language policy in this up-to-date introduction. The topics covered include ideas of correctness and bad language; bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and language education policy. Spolsky develops a theory of modern national language policy and the major forces controlling it and explores questions that arise concerning the recognition of language policies and language management.     

Author Name :Bernard Spolsky

No Of Visit :634      Posted Comments :

Advanced Grammar

Students gain confidence to use the language through lots of natural examples and practice to help them acquire natural language. Longman Advanced Learner's Grammaris a valuable resource for all upper-level students, especially those preparing for exams like Cambridge ESOL CAE and CPE. Diagnostic testing shows students exactly where they need to focus, while the CAE/CPE task types familiarise students with the format of the exams.     

Author Name :D. Hall

No Of Visit :527      Posted Comments :

Supplment au voyage de Bougainville(french)

Supplment au voyage de Bougainville is a philosophical dialogue published in 1772, and written in reaction to Louis Antoine de Bougainville's Voyage autour du monde. Diderot describes dialogues which are pretexts to discuss slavery, colonisation, the Catholic faith and other subjects typical of the Age of Enlightenment.     

Author Name :

No Of Visit :215      Posted Comments :

Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises

This book of supplementary grammar exercises for elementary and lower intermediate students of English accompanies the second edition of Essential Grammar in Use. It contains a wealth of additional exercises which provide students with further practice of the grammar they have studied. - Provides challenging contrastive practice of the forms students of this level find most difficult. - Offers a wide variety of interesting exercise types with clear illustration.     

Author Name :Helen Naylor, Raymond Murphy

No Of Visit :512      Posted Comments :

Focus on Advanced English C.A.E

The Teachers Book gives clear unit notes, full answers and tapescripts Photocopiable unit tests are provided to check progress.     

Author Name :Sue O'Connell

No Of Visit :531      Posted Comments :

Romano Lavo-Lil

George Henry Borrow was a 19th century writer who wrote novels and travelogues based on his travels around Europe. Through his travels Borrow developed a close relationship with the Romani people, which play a prominent role in his books The Bible in Spain and Lavengro. Besides being a dictionary of the Romani language Borrow has included gypsy verse and songs, scripture and the Lords Prayer, gypsy names, fortune telling, and basic information about gypsies. The book begins, "The Gypsies of England call their language, as the Gypsies of many other countries call theirs, Romany or Romanes, a word either derived from the Indian Ram or Rama, which signifies a husband, or from the town Rome, which took its name either from the Indian Ram, or from the Gaulic word, Rom, which is nearly tantamount to husband or man, for as the Indian Ram means a husband or man, so does the Gaulic Pom signify that which constitutes a man and enables him to become a husband."     

Author Name :George Borrow

No Of Visit :521      Posted Comments :

Dutch A Comprehensive Grammar

Dutch: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Dutch grammar. This completely updated new edition covers the new spelling system introduced in 1997 and the latest reform of 2005. A new section covers modal particles.     

Author Name :Bruce Donaldson

No Of Visit :502      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Estonian

This new edition of Colloquial Estonian is easy to use and completely up-to-date.     

Author Name :Christopher Moseley

No Of Visit :168      Posted Comments :

Swedish An Essential Grammar

This new edition of Swedish: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Swedish grammar. It has been fully updated to reflect recent changes in a few areas of usage and to employ the new standards that have been set in the description of language.     

Author Name :Philip Holmes and Ian Hinchliffe

No Of Visit :192      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Yoruba

Specially written by an experienced teacher for self-study or class use, this easy to use and up to date course provides a step-by-step approach to written and spoken Yoruba with no prior knowledge of the language required.     

Author Name :Antonia Yetunde Folarin Schleicher

No Of Visit :191      Posted Comments :

Modern Hebrew An Essential Grammar Third Edition

This third edition of Modern Hebrew: An Essential Grammar is an up-to-date and practical reference guide to the most important aspects of modern Hebrew, as used by contemporary native speakers of the language.     

Author Name :Lewis Glinert

No Of Visit :507      Posted Comments :

Dutch

Developed with the beginner in mind, this Grammar uses abundant examples and extensive cross-referencing to present the language in an engaging and accessible manner.     

Author Name :William Z.Shetter and Esther Ham

No Of Visit :508      Posted Comments :

LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS

The book in your hand is neither a dictionary nor an encyclo- pedia, but something in between. As its title suggests, it pro- vides fairly detailed coverage of over 300 key concepts in the study of language. The named concepts selected for inclusion are all among the most important in the ?eld and among those which every beginning student is likely to encounter.     

Author Name :R.L. Trask

No Of Visit :501      Posted Comments :

INTERMEDIATE IRISH: A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK

Intermediate Irish: A Grammar and Workbook is designed for learners who have achieved a basic pro?ciency and wish to progress to more complex language. This workbook, along with its companion volume Basic Irish, provides summaries of the essential points of Irish grammar as well as opportunities to practice using the structures of the language. Intermediate Irish introduces more complex grammatical structures and builds on the lessons of Basic Irish. Each of the twenty-?ve units summarizes a vital grammatical or vocabulary point with many often neglected aspects of usage being discussed and explained.     

Author Name :Nancy Stenson

No Of Visit :520      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Irish

Specially written by experienced teachers, this easy to use and completely up-to-date course provides a step-by-step approach to spoken and written Irish with no prior knowledge of the language required.     

Author Name :Thomas Ihde , Maire Ni Neachtain , Roslyn Blyn-LaDrew , John Gillen

No Of Visit :171      Posted Comments :

German An Essential Grammar

German: An Essential Grammar is a practical reference guide to the core structures and features of modern German. Presenting a fresh and accessible description of the language, this engaging grammar uses clear, jargon-free explanations and sets out the complexities of German in short, readable sections.     

Author Name :Bruce Donaldson

No Of Visit :516      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Italian

These two 60-miniute CDs, recorded by native speakers of Italian, are an invaluable component of the Colloquial Italian course. While reinforcing material from the book, the CDs also contain a variety of additional exercises, including role-playing, and a useful guide to pronunciation.     

Author Name :Sylvia Lymbery

No Of Visit :496      Posted Comments :

CHINESE: A COMPREHENSIVE GRAMMAR

This book aims to provide a comprehensive grammar of Chinese. It is intended for readers who have some knowledge of the language and are at ease with its written form, whether in traditional characters or romanisation. We have endeavoured to minimise the use of technical expressions, but, where linguistic terms are introduced, we have provided explanations.     

Author Name :Yip Po-Ching and Don Rimmington

No Of Visit :500      Posted Comments :

Intermediate Spanish: A Grammar and Workbook

This text is designed for learners who have achieved basic proficiency and wish to progress to more complex language. Each of the units combines concise grammar explanations with examples and exercises to help build confidence and fluency. Features include: clear explanations of the similarities and differences in English and Spanish grammar, authentic language examples from a range of contemporary media, reading comprehensions at the end of each unit, full cross-referencing throughout and extra tips on language learning and learning specific grammar points.     

Author Name :Irene Wilkie, Carmen Arnaiz

No Of Visit :500      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Croatian

Colloquial Croatian provides a step-by-step course in Afrikaans as it is written and spoken today. Combining a user-friendly approach with a thorough treatment of the language, it equips learners with the essential skills needed to communicate confidently and effectively in Croatian in a broad range of situations. No prior knowledge of the language is required.     

Author Name :Celia Hawkesworth, Ivana Jovic

No Of Visit :522      Posted Comments :

Basic Italian A Grammer and Workbbok

Introducing Italian culture and people through the medium of the language used today, Basic Italian: A Grammar and Workbook provides readers with the basic tools to express themselves in a wide variety of situations. Presenting twenty-three individual grammar points in lively and realistic contexts, Basic Italian is an accessible reference grammar with related exercises in one, easy to follow volume. Each unit consists of jargon-free explanations and comparisons with English, which focus upon the more common difficulties experienced by learners of Italian.     

Author Name :Stell Peyronnel, Ian Higgins

No Of Visit :171      Posted Comments :

Romanian: An Essential Grammar

This book is suitable for independent and classroom learners, ideal for the beginner to intermediate student, and takes the reader through the essentials of the language explaining each concept clearly and providing many examples of contemporary Romanian usage.     

Author Name :Ramona Gonczol-Davies

No Of Visit :152      Posted Comments :

Modern Italian Grammar Workbook

This is an innovative book of exercises and language tasks for all learners of Italian, which can be used independently or alongside Modern Italian Grammar. Implementing feedback from its predecessor, this updated second edition features exercises graded on a three-point scale according to their level of difficulty and cross-referencing to the Modern Italian Grammar for each. Also containing a comprehensive answer key for checking progress, this is a complete reference work suitable for both class-use and self-study.     

Author Name :Anna Proudfoot

No Of Visit :515      Posted Comments :

Modern French Grammar: A Practical Guide

This new edition of the Modern French Grammar is an innovative reference guide to French, combining traditional and function-based grammar in a single volume. Divided into two parts, Part A covers traditional grammatical categories such as word order, nouns, verbs and adjectives and Part B is organized around language functions and notions. This is the ideal reference grammar for learners of French at all levels, from beginner to advanced. No prior knowledge of grammatical terminology is assumed and a glossary of grammatical terms is provided. This Grammar is complemented by the Modern French Grammar Workbook Second Edition which features related exercises and activities.     

Author Name :Margaret Lang, Isabelle Perez

No Of Visit :525      Posted Comments :

Georgian: A Learner's Grammar

This second edition of Georgian: A Learner's Grammar is a completely revised and updated guide to the fascinating and most widely spoken language of the Caucasus. Presenting the language in the form of dialogues and reading passages, full attention is given to script reproduction and recognition, pronunciation, lexis and individual points of grammar. With a varied and extensive range of exercise work, this new edition provides a comprehensive and carefully graded grammar of Georgian that has been successful over a number of years of use in the classroom.     

Author Name :George Hewitt

No Of Visit :513      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Tamil

Colloquial Tamil is easy to use and completely up to date.Specially written by experienced teachers for self-study and class use, the course offers you a step-by-step approach to spoken Tamil.     

Author Name :R.E. Asher and E. Annamalai

No Of Visit :168      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Danish

Colloquial Danish is easy to use and completely up-to-date! Specially written by experienced teachers for self-study or class use, the course offers you a step-by-step approach to written and spoken Danish. No prior knowledge of the language is required. By the end of this rewarding course you will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in a broad range of situations.     

Author Name :Kirsten Gade, W. Glyn Jones, W.Glyn Jones

No Of Visit :518      Posted Comments :

BASIC CANTONESE: A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK

This Grammar and Workbook is ideal for learners of Cantonese wishing to take their knowledge of the language beyond the elementary level. Its twenty-eight units highlight the key building blocks of sentence structure and comprise a structured introduction to essential grammar points. Each unit also features exercises, focusing on the communicative language, devised to perfect the students knowledge of these grammar points.     

Author Name :Virginia Yip and Stephen Matthews

No Of Visit :515      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Japanese

Now in its second edition, this popular beginners course has been completely rewritten to make learning Japanese as easy as possible. These two cassettes, which accompany the course, are recorded by native speakers and will help perfect listening and pronunciation skills.     

Author Name :Hugh Clarke and Motoko Hamamura

No Of Visit :509      Posted Comments :

Colloquial English: A Course for Non-Native Speakers, Volume 1

Colloquial English is an easy-to-use course, specially written by an experienced teacher for self-study or class use. It teaches current spoken and written English, as used in the UK, through the medium of English itself. This course assumes a basic knowledge of English and is suitable for post-beginners, whether studying on their own or as part of a class.     

Author Name :Gareth King

No Of Visit :522      Posted Comments :

Scottish Gaelic

Colloquial Scottish Gaelic is the ideal introduction to the language of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland: a modern language with a rich tradition.     

Author Name :Katherine M. Spadaro and Katie Graham

No Of Visit :182      Posted Comments :

DANISH: AN ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR

Danish: An Essential Grammar is a reference guide to the most important aspects of current Danish as it is used by native speakers.     

Author Name :Robin Allan, Philip Holmes ,Tom Lundskr-Nielsen

No Of Visit :477      Posted Comments :

FINNISH: AN ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR

A reference guide to the most important aspects of Finnish as it is used by native speakers today, this is the ideal reference source both for those studying Finnish independently and in classroom situations.     

Author Name :Fred Karlsson

No Of Visit :504      Posted Comments :

Colloquial Icelandic

Colloquial Icelandic is easy to use and completely up to date!     

Author Name :Daisy L.Neijmann

No Of Visit :492      Posted Comments :

Czech: An Essential Grammar

Czech: An Essential Grammar is a practical reference guide to the core structures and features of modern Czech. It presents a fresh and accessible description of the language and sets out the complexities of Czech in short, readable sections. Explanations are clear and free from jargon. Throughout, the emphasis is on Czech as used by native speakers today. The Grammar is suitable for either independent study or for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.     

Author Name :James Naughton

No Of Visit :530      Posted Comments :

Spanish: An Essential Grammar

Spanish: An Essential Grammar is a concise and user-friendly reference guide to the most important aspects of Spanish. It presents a fresh and accessible description of the language that combines traditional and function-based grammar. The book sets out the complexities of Spanish in short, readable sections, and explanations are clear and free from jargon. The Grammar is the ideal reference source for the learner and user of Spanish. It is suitable for either independent study or for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.     

Author Name :Peter T Bradley, Ian MacKenzie

No Of Visit :492      Posted Comments :

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