Main Category: Arts & Humanities >> Sub Category: Law
The Digital Dilemma

Imagine sending a magazine article to 10 friends - making photocopies, putting them in envelopes, adding postage, and mailing them. Now consider how much easier it is to send that article to those 10 friends as an attachment to e-mail. Or to post the article on your own site on the World Wide Web. The ease of modifying or copying digitized material and the proliferation of computer networking have raised fundamental questions about copyright and patent - intellectual property protections rooted in the U.S. Constitution. Hailed for quick and convenient access to a world of material, the Internet also poses serious economic issues for those who create and market that material. If people can so easily send music on the Internet for free, for example, who will pay for music? This book presents the multiple facets of digitized intellectual property, defining terms, identifying key issues, and exploring alternatives. It follows the complex threads of law, business, incentives to creators, the American tradition of access to information, the international context, and the nature of human behavior. Technology is explored for its ability to transfer content and its potential to protect intellectual property rights. The book proposes research and policy recommendations as well as principles for policymaking.     

Author Name :National Research Council

No Of Visit :895      Posted Comments :

Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law

Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. Many vitally important problems of legal reasoning can be profitably studied in light of these new methods, even if they cannot all be solved in any single monograph. This book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced, like argument diagramming, abductive reasoning, an analysis of conditional relevance and a new dialectical model of explanation.     

Author Name :Douglas Walton

No Of Visit :324      Posted Comments :

United States Water Law

Determining U.S. Water Rights: Different Systems for Different Needs United States Water Law: An Introduction is a concise overview of law and policy related to U.S. water rights and regulation of water quantity and quality. This wide-ranging book reviews the two major systems used to determine rights in the western and eastern states. It explores these different systems, which are based on the divergent factors affecting the two regions a " the immense amount of government-owned property and arid conditions in the west, and ownership of riparian land in the east. The author also covers western states that adhere to the "hybrid" system, which recognizes early riparian rights predating adoption of later appropriation systems, and he explains that most states recognize at least some riparian rights to the use of surface water. Special sections detail regulatory considerations such as Native American rights, environmental regulation, nuisance and tort law, and social theory.     

Author Name :John W. Johnson

No Of Visit :618      Posted Comments :

Dynamic Police Training

As police work has become increasingly professionalized, classrooms have become a preferred environment for training. However, the best preparation for police work has traditionally been conducted on the job. Dynamic Police Training partners the experienced law enforcement officers "street-smart" perspective of what makes training work with a professional educators "book-smart" approach to writing curriculum to achieve the best results in police training programs.As police work has become increasingly professionalized, classrooms have become a preferred environment for training. However, the best preparation for police work has traditionally been conducted on the job. Dynamic Police Training partners the experienced law enforcement officers "street-smart" perspective of what makes training work with a professional educators "book-smart" approach to writing curriculum to achieve the best results in police training programs.As police work has become increasingly professionalized, classrooms have become a preferred environment for training. However, the best preparation for police work has traditionally been conducted on the job. Dynamic Police Training partners the experienced law enforcement officers "street-smart" perspective of what makes training work with a professional educators "book-smart" approach to writing curriculum to achieve the best results in police training programs.A results-oriented handbook for police trainers seeking clear and definitive information on curriculum development, the book facilitates training designed to develop students critical thinking skills, physical competencies, and in-depth understanding of concepts such as use of force, consequences of failure, and value-based judgment. Authored by a former police officer and trainer with over 14 years of experience in the field and the classroom, this volume:Examines the typical strengths and limitations of police trainers and describes how to build on existing skills ,Explains how to go beyond the lecture and slide show format to make police training an interactive and thought-provoking experience for students ,Translates the theoretical basis of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills training into police-oriented language ,Outlines the methods for developing high-quality law enforcement instructional content ,Provides a step-by-step construction guide for law enforcement lesson plan development with versatile templates included for the readers use.Understanding how to write an interactive curriculum that allows police officers to achieve mastery of skills in the classroom is what differentiates outstanding training from the mediocre. Dynamic Police Training helps police trainers who deliver, revise, or develop training programs in the academy and beyond, enabling them to achieve top-notch training results within the confines of the classroom setting that translate into real results on the street.     

Author Name :Ann R. Bumbak

No Of Visit :868      Posted Comments :

Forensic Science

Forensic science (often Known as forensics) is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences and technologies to investigate and establish facts of interest in relation to criminal or civil law. There is little rigorous research to support its accuracy and reliability.The word forensic comes from the Latin forensis, meaning "of or before the forum."In Roman times, a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The individual with the best argument and delivery would determine the outcome of the case. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation.     

Author Name :Ayn Embar-Seddon, Capella University and Allan D. Pass

No Of Visit :662      Posted Comments :

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