Main Category: Science >> Sub Category: Biology
The Dragons of Eden

The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence is a Pulitzer Prize winning 1977 book by Carl Sagan. In it, he combines the fields of anthropology, evolutionary biology, psychology, andcomputer science to give a perspective of how human intelligence evolved. One of the main issues featured in the book is the search for a quantitative way of measuring intelligence. Sagan shows that the brain to body mass ratio is an extremely good indicator, with humans having the highest and dolphins second. Other topics mentioned include the evolution of the brain, the evolutionary purpose of sleepand dreams, demonstration of sign language abilities by chimps and the purpose of mankind's innate fears and myths.     

Author Name :Carl Sagan

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ESSAYS ON LIFE, ART AND SCIENCE

Essays on Life, Art and Science is a collection of essays and lectures by Samuel Butler which were mostly published during 1890 in The Universal Review. The collection contains a variety of essays and lectures some of which deal with his own theories and experiences while other discusses theories of renowned scientists such as Darwin. Ramblings in Cheapside, The Deadlock in Darwinism, and A Medieval Girl School are some of the essays included in this collection.     

Author Name :Samuel Butler

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CREATIVITY IN HUMAN EVOLUTION AND PREHISTORY

We live in a world surrounded by remarkable cultural achievements of human kind. Almost every day we hear of new innovations in technology, in medicine and in the arts which remind us that humans are capable of remarkable creativity. But what is human creativity? The modern world provides a tiny fraction of cultural diversity and the evidence for human creativity, far more can be seen by looking back into prehistory. The book examines how our understanding of human creativity can be extended by exploring this phenomenon during human evolution and prehistory.     

Author Name :Steven Mithen

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Amphibian

"Eyewitness Guides" are a series of illustrated information books which integrate photographs with explanatory illustrations, maps, charts and text. This book looks at amphibians, their evolution, time-chart, fossils, modern families, defence, diet and metamorphosis     

Author Name :Barry Clarke

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Pasts Beyond Memory: Evolution, Museums, Colonialism

Contributing to current debates on relationships between culture and the social, and the the rapidly changing practices of modern museums as they seek to shed the legacies of both evolutionary conceptions and colonial science, this important new work explores how evolutionary museums developed in the USA, UK, and Australia in the late nineteenth     

Author Name :Tony Bennett

No Of Visit :601      Posted Comments :

EVOLUTIONARY NATURALISM

Evolutionary Naturalismis a collection of interconnected essays on the history and philosopy of evolutionary biology written by the influential Canadian philosopher, Michael Ruse. In this book, he argues that the time has arrived to take philosophy out of the hands of the academic theorists and to fully embrace the findings and consequences of the modern sciences. These clearly written essays cover a broad range of key topics in the philosophy of science. Michael Ruse discusses several issues in the history of science including Darwinism, population biology, and the paleo-ontological theory of 'punctuated equilibria'. In addition, he expounds an epistemological theory which argues     

Author Name :Michael Ruse

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Marijuana Cultivation

This article presents common techniques and facts regarding the cultivation of the flowering plant cannabis, primarily for the production and consumption of marijuana buds. Cultivation techniques for other purposes (such as hemp production) differ. A basic description of hemp cultivation can be found in the US film Hemp for Victory.     

Author Name :Wikibooks version

No Of Visit :189      Posted Comments :

Gaia:A New Look at Life on Earth

In this classic work that continues to inspire its many readers, Jim Lovelock puts forward his idea that life on earth functions as a single organism. Written for non-scientists, Gaia is a journey through time and space in search of evidence with which to support a new and radically different model of our planet. In contrast to conventional belief that living matter is passive in the face of threats to its existence, the book explores the hypothesis that the earth's livingmatter air, ocean, and land surfaces forms a complex system that has the capacity to keep the Earth a fit place for life.Since Gaia was first published, many of Jim Lovelock's predictions have come true and his theory has become a hotly argued topic in scientific circles. In a new Preface to this reissued title, he outlines his present state of the debate.     

Author Name :James Lovelock

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, Micrographia

The prime impetus for the spread of microscopy during the 18th century, this classic moves gracefully among its topics, including the structure of molds, visual apparatus of the fly, cellular structure of cork, and life cycle of the mosquito. No scientific background is necessary to appreciate its ideas, inspirations, and insights.     

Author Name :Robert Hooke

No Of Visit :503      Posted Comments :

THE MISMEASURE OF MAN

When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. Yet the idea of biology as destiny dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined. In this edition, Stephen Jay Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."     

Author Name :Stephen Jay Gould

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The First Three Minutes A modem view of the origin of the universe

The First Three Minutes A Modern View Of The Origin Of The Universe This classic of contemporary science writing by a Nobel prize-winning physicist explains to general readers what happened when the Universe began, and how we know.     

Author Name :Steven Weinberg

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WHAT IS LIFE?

What is Life? is one of the great science classics of the twentieth century. A distinguished physicist's exploration of the question which lies at the heart of biology, it was written for the layman, but proved one of the spurs to the birth of molecular biology and the subsequent discovery of the structure of DNA. The philosopher Karl Popper hailed it as a 'beautiful and important book' by 'a great man to whom I owe a personal debt for many exciting discussions'.     

Author Name :ERWIN SCHRODINGER

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THE DOUBLE HELIX

The classic personal account of one of the great scientific discoveries of the century. By identifying the structure of DNA, the molecule of life, Francis Crick and James Watson revolutionized biochemistry and won themselves a Nobel Prize. At the time, Watson was only twenty-four, a brilliant young zoologist hungry to make his mark. His uncompromisingly honest account of the heady days of their thrilling sprint against other world-class researchers to solve one of science's greatest unsolved mysteries gives a dazzlingly clear picture of a world of brilliant scientists with great gifts, very human ambitions, and bitter rivalries. With humility unspoiled by false modesty, Watson relates his and Crick's desperate efforts to beat Linus Pauling to the Holy Grail of the life sciences, the identification of the basic building block of life. He is impressed by the achievements of the young man he was, but clear-eyed about his limitations. Never has such a brilliant scientist also been so gifted, and so truthful, in capturing in words the flavor of his work.     

Author Name :James D. Watson

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THE SELFISH GENE

The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, published in 1976. It builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams's first book Adaptation and Natural Selection. Dawkins coined the term "selfish gene" as a way of expressing the gene-centred view of evolution as opposed to the views focused on the organism and the group, popularizing ideas developed during the 1960s by W. D. Hamilton and others. From the gene-centred view follows that the more two individuals are genetically related, the more sense (at the level of the genes) it makes for them to behave selflessly with each other. Therefore the concept is especially good at explaining many forms of altruism, regardless of a common misuse of the term along the lines of a selfishness gene.     

Author Name :RICHARD DAWKINS

No Of Visit :557      Posted Comments :

ON THE O R I G I N OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION, OR THE PRESERVATION OF FAVOURED RACES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIFE.

The publication of Darwins The Origin of Species in 1859 marked a dramatic turning point in scientific thought. The volume had taken Darwin more than twenty years to publish, in part because he envisioned the storm of controversy it was certain to unleash. Indeed, selling out its first edition on its first day, The Origin of Species revolutionized science, philosophy, and theology. Darwins reasoned, documented arguments carefully advance his theory of natural selection and his assertion that species were not created all at once by a divine hand but started with a few simple forms that mutated and adapted over time. Whether commenting on his own poor health, discussing his experiments to test instinct in bees, or relating a conversation about a South American burrowing rodent, Darwins monumental achievement is surprisingly personal and delightfully readable. Its profound ideas remain controversial even today, making it the most influential book in the natural sciences ever writtenan important work not just to its time but to the history of humankind.     

Author Name :CHARLES DARWIN, M A.

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