Main Category: Science >> Sub Category: Biology
The Dragons of Eden

The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence is a Pulitzer Prize winning 1977 book by Carl Sagan. In it, he combines the fields of anthropology, evolutionary biology, psychology, andcomputer science to give a perspective of how human intelligence evolved. One of the main issues featured in the book is the search for a quantitative way of measuring intelligence. Sagan shows that the brain to body mass ratio is an extremely good indicator, with humans having the highest and dolphins second. Other topics mentioned include the evolution of the brain, the evolutionary purpose of sleepand dreams, demonstration of sign language abilities by chimps and the purpose of mankind's innate fears and myths.     

Author Name :Carl Sagan

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ESSAYS ON LIFE, ART AND SCIENCE

Essays on Life, Art and Science is a collection of essays and lectures by Samuel Butler which were mostly published during 1890 in The Universal Review. The collection contains a variety of essays and lectures some of which deal with his own theories and experiences while other discusses theories of renowned scientists such as Darwin. Ramblings in Cheapside, The Deadlock in Darwinism, and A Medieval Girl School are some of the essays included in this collection.     

Author Name :Samuel Butler

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CREATIVITY IN HUMAN EVOLUTION AND PREHISTORY

We live in a world surrounded by remarkable cultural achievements of human kind. Almost every day we hear of new innovations in technology, in medicine and in the arts which remind us that humans are capable of remarkable creativity. But what is human creativity? The modern world provides a tiny fraction of cultural diversity and the evidence for human creativity, far more can be seen by looking back into prehistory. The book examines how our understanding of human creativity can be extended by exploring this phenomenon during human evolution and prehistory.     

Author Name :Steven Mithen

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Amphibian

"Eyewitness Guides" are a series of illustrated information books which integrate photographs with explanatory illustrations, maps, charts and text. This book looks at amphibians, their evolution, time-chart, fossils, modern families, defence, diet and metamorphosis     

Author Name :Barry Clarke

No Of Visit :861      Posted Comments :

Pasts Beyond Memory: Evolution, Museums, Colonialism

Contributing to current debates on relationships between culture and the social, and the the rapidly changing practices of modern museums as they seek to shed the legacies of both evolutionary conceptions and colonial science, this important new work explores how evolutionary museums developed in the USA, UK, and Australia in the late nineteenth     

Author Name :Tony Bennett

No Of Visit :594      Posted Comments :

EVOLUTIONARY NATURALISM

Evolutionary Naturalismis a collection of interconnected essays on the history and philosopy of evolutionary biology written by the influential Canadian philosopher, Michael Ruse. In this book, he argues that the time has arrived to take philosophy out of the hands of the academic theorists and to fully embrace the findings and consequences of the modern sciences. These clearly written essays cover a broad range of key topics in the philosophy of science. Michael Ruse discusses several issues in the history of science including Darwinism, population biology, and the paleo-ontological theory of 'punctuated equilibria'. In addition, he expounds an epistemological theory which argues     

Author Name :Michael Ruse

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Marijuana Cultivation

This article presents common techniques and facts regarding the cultivation of the flowering plant cannabis, primarily for the production and consumption of marijuana buds. Cultivation techniques for other purposes (such as hemp production) differ. A basic description of hemp cultivation can be found in the US film Hemp for Victory.     

Author Name :Wikibooks version

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Gaia:A New Look at Life on Earth

In this classic work that continues to inspire its many readers, Jim Lovelock puts forward his idea that life on earth functions as a single organism. Written for non-scientists, Gaia is a journey through time and space in search of evidence with which to support a new and radically different model of our planet. In contrast to conventional belief that living matter is passive in the face of threats to its existence, the book explores the hypothesis that the earth's livingmatter air, ocean, and land surfaces forms a complex system that has the capacity to keep the Earth a fit place for life.Since Gaia was first published, many of Jim Lovelock's predictions have come true and his theory has become a hotly argued topic in scientific circles. In a new Preface to this reissued title, he outlines his present state of the debate.     

Author Name :James Lovelock

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, Micrographia

The prime impetus for the spread of microscopy during the 18th century, this classic moves gracefully among its topics, including the structure of molds, visual apparatus of the fly, cellular structure of cork, and life cycle of the mosquito. No scientific background is necessary to appreciate its ideas, inspirations, and insights.     

Author Name :Robert Hooke

No Of Visit :496      Posted Comments :

THE MISMEASURE OF MAN

When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. Yet the idea of biology as destiny dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined. In this edition, Stephen Jay Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."     

Author Name :Stephen Jay Gould

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The First Three Minutes A modem view of the origin of the universe

The First Three Minutes A Modern View Of The Origin Of The Universe This classic of contemporary science writing by a Nobel prize-winning physicist explains to general readers what happened when the Universe began, and how we know.     

Author Name :Steven Weinberg

No Of Visit :503      Posted Comments :

WHAT IS LIFE?

What is Life? is one of the great science classics of the twentieth century. A distinguished physicist's exploration of the question which lies at the heart of biology, it was written for the layman, but proved one of the spurs to the birth of molecular biology and the subsequent discovery of the structure of DNA. The philosopher Karl Popper hailed it as a 'beautiful and important book' by 'a great man to whom I owe a personal debt for many exciting discussions'.     

Author Name :ERWIN SCHRODINGER

No Of Visit :497      Posted Comments :

THE DOUBLE HELIX

The classic personal account of one of the great scientific discoveries of the century. By identifying the structure of DNA, the molecule of life, Francis Crick and James Watson revolutionized biochemistry and won themselves a Nobel Prize. At the time, Watson was only twenty-four, a brilliant young zoologist hungry to make his mark. His uncompromisingly honest account of the heady days of their thrilling sprint against other world-class researchers to solve one of science's greatest unsolved mysteries gives a dazzlingly clear picture of a world of brilliant scientists with great gifts, very human ambitions, and bitter rivalries. With humility unspoiled by false modesty, Watson relates his and Crick's desperate efforts to beat Linus Pauling to the Holy Grail of the life sciences, the identification of the basic building block of life. He is impressed by the achievements of the young man he was, but clear-eyed about his limitations. Never has such a brilliant scientist also been so gifted, and so truthful, in capturing in words the flavor of his work.     

Author Name :James D. Watson

No Of Visit :495      Posted Comments :

THE SELFISH GENE

The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, published in 1976. It builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams's first book Adaptation and Natural Selection. Dawkins coined the term "selfish gene" as a way of expressing the gene-centred view of evolution as opposed to the views focused on the organism and the group, popularizing ideas developed during the 1960s by W. D. Hamilton and others. From the gene-centred view follows that the more two individuals are genetically related, the more sense (at the level of the genes) it makes for them to behave selflessly with each other. Therefore the concept is especially good at explaining many forms of altruism, regardless of a common misuse of the term along the lines of a selfishness gene.     

Author Name :RICHARD DAWKINS

No Of Visit :554      Posted Comments :

ON THE O R I G I N OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION, OR THE PRESERVATION OF FAVOURED RACES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIFE.

The publication of Darwins The Origin of Species in 1859 marked a dramatic turning point in scientific thought. The volume had taken Darwin more than twenty years to publish, in part because he envisioned the storm of controversy it was certain to unleash. Indeed, selling out its first edition on its first day, The Origin of Species revolutionized science, philosophy, and theology. Darwins reasoned, documented arguments carefully advance his theory of natural selection and his assertion that species were not created all at once by a divine hand but started with a few simple forms that mutated and adapted over time. Whether commenting on his own poor health, discussing his experiments to test instinct in bees, or relating a conversation about a South American burrowing rodent, Darwins monumental achievement is surprisingly personal and delightfully readable. Its profound ideas remain controversial even today, making it the most influential book in the natural sciences ever writtenan important work not just to its time but to the history of humankind.     

Author Name :CHARLES DARWIN, M A.

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Endangered Medicinal Plants

This is an endeavour of the author to present a vast quantity of fact-based reliable analytical data on the Status (density and frequency etc) of medicinal plants of India in his book. His inferences have the basis of field-based study on Status of plants the findings of which nullifies much bloated assertions of the experts on pharmacopoeia and of the pharmacologists that India was still a rich store house of medicinal plant resources; Their findings were never based on analytical (quantitative) data, besides that the systematic botanists have only prepared check lists of plants with morphological descriptions but never mentioned about regeneration an on their status (density, frequency, abundance etc). So the floras do not speak of status-abundance or decay of various species. The exception was with the foresters who prepared status lists commercial tree species; with the formation of Forest Survey of India the country had adequate status data on commercial tree species of the entire country. There has been a big lacunae on the status assessment of herbs, shrubs and climbers which form substantial number of medicinal plants. While making his assessment the author has applied his long years of field inventory experience and findings to arrive at a dependable figures. He has stressed that there has been continuous depletion of vegetation brought by various biotic and abiotic factors well displayed in a number of charts and maps. The authors has marked the status of species of plants prepared by Chopra, Kirtikar and Bose, S Bhattacharya. He has also given an outline information of drug plants, export, import, threats and cultivation. The author desires that it was time to enforce strict conservation measures of flora besides inventory made on herbs, shrubs, climbers on medicinal plants.     

Author Name :A.B. Chaudhuri

No Of Visit :510      Posted Comments :

Illicium, Pimpinella and Foeniculum Manuel Miro Jodra

The book includes current knowledge on Illicium verum (star anise) and Pimpinella anisum (aniseed), main commercial species rich in anetol. It also analyzes Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) and other species of Pimpinella (P. major, P. peregrina and P. saxifraga). This volume includes a botanical, chemical, pharmacological, and therapeutic survey of these species, and a review of traditional uses. It covers cultivation, harvesting, drying, storage, and yield, along with economic importance and market trends. The book is valuable for university professors and students, sanitary professionals, investigators, and researchers working with aromatic and medicinal plants.     

Author Name :Manuel Miro Jodra, Illicium, Pimpinella, Foeniculum

No Of Visit :525      Posted Comments :

Calcium in Living Cells Volume 99

Every cell of the body is dependent on calcium to function. Calcium is found in teeth and bones, and calcium signalling is necessary for the movement of muscles and for the action of the heart and the intestines as well as blood coagulation. This volume will update classic techniques in detecting microscopic levels of calcium ions (Ca2+) in living cells, as well as address new techniques in the field of calcium detection and calcium signaling. Such detection and measurement of intracellular calcium is important to researchers studying the heart, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, and immune systems, whose findings will aid in the advancement of drug and genomic therapies to treat heart, gastrointestinal, autoimmune, and infectious diseases.     

Author Name :Michael Whitaker

No Of Visit :533      Posted Comments :

Genetics and Regulation of Nitrogen Fixation in Free-Living Bacteria

This book provides a comprehensive and detailed source of information on the genetic and regulatory aspects of biological nitrogen fixation in free-living (non-symbiotic) prokaryotes. Biological nitrogen fixation is represented in a diverse range of microorganisms, among which Klebsiella pneumoniae serves as a paradigm for the genetic analysis of diazotrophy, which is the ability to grow with N2 as sole nitrogen source. The volume uses two major complementary approaches to the subject matter. The initial chapters use an organismic-based approach by concentrating on the well-characterized diazotrophic proteobacteria, cyanobacteria, Gram-positive clostridia, and Archea. The later chapters use a comparative process-based approach and serve as overviews dealing with different regulatory aspects, electron transport to nitrogenase, and molybdenum metabolism, across the range of organisms. Whenever appropriate, historical aspects and agricultural and ecological impacts have been taken into consideration. Each chapter contains an extensive list of references. This book is the self-contained second volume of a comprehensive seven-volume series. No other available work provides the up-to-date and in-depth coverage of this series and this volume. This book is intended to serve as an indispensable reference work for all scientists working in this and closely related fields, to assist students to enter this challenging area of research, and to provide science administrators easy access to vital relevant information.     

Author Name :Werner Klipp, Bernd Masepohl, John R. Gallon, Bernd Masepohl

No Of Visit :506      Posted Comments :

Nuclear Mechanics & Genome Regulation, Volume 98

In recent years new discoveries have made this an exciting and important field of research. This comprehensive volume presents comprehensive chapters and detailed background information for researchers working with in the field of Nuclear Mechanics and Genome Regulation.* Both classic and state-of-the-art methods readily adaptable and designed to last the test of time * Relevant to clinicians and scientists working in a wide range of fields.     

Author Name :G.V. Shivashankar

No Of Visit :496      Posted Comments :

Genetic Modification of Plants

Conceived with the aim of sorting fact from fiction over genetically modified (GM) crops, this book brings together the knowledge of 30 specialists in the field of transgenic plants. It covers the generation and detection of these plants as well as the genetic traits conferred on transgenic plants. In addition, the book looks at a wide variety of crops, ornamental plants and tree species that are subject to genetic modifications, assessing the risks involved in genetic modification as well as the potential economic benefits of the technology in specific cases. The book's structure, with fully cross-referenced chapters, gives readers a quick access to specific topics, whether that is comprehensive data on particular species of ornamentals, or coverage of the socioeconomic implications of GM technology. With an increasing demand for bioenergy, and the necessary higher yields relying on wider genetic variation, this book supplies all the technical details required to move forward to a new era in agriculture.     

Author Name :Frank Kempken, Christian Jung

No Of Visit :493      Posted Comments :

Evolution

Over the past twenty years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, including fossils that mark the growth of whales, manatees, and seals from land mammals and the origins of elephants, horses, and rhinos. Today there exists an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains, and new evidence from molecules that enable scientists to decipher the tree of life as never before.The fossil record is now one of the strongest lines of evidence for evolution. In this engaging and richly illustrated book, Donald R. Prothero weaves an entertaining though intellectually rigorous history out of the transitional forms and series that dot the fossil record. Beginning with a brief discussion of the nature of science and the "monkey business of creationism," Prothero tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution. He covers the ingredients of the primordial soup, the effects of communal living, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, the mammalian explosion, and the leap from chimpanzee to human. Prothero pays particular attention to the recent discovery of "missing links" that complete the fossil timeline and details the debate between biologists over the mechanisms driving the evolutionary process. Evolution is an absorbing combination of firsthand observation, scientific discovery, and trenchant analysis. With the teaching of evolution still an issue, there couldn't be a better moment for a book clarifying the nature and value of fossil evidence. Widely recognized as a leading expert in his field, Prothero demonstrates that the transformation of life on this planet is far more awe inspiring than the narrow view of extremists.     

Author Name :Donald R. Prothero

No Of Visit :531      Posted Comments :

Oomycete Genetics and Genomics

Oomycetes are evolutionarily distinct fungal-like organisms that attack a wide variety of plants and animals, causing billions of dollars of loss each year. Oomycetes have been studied intensely since destroying the Irish potato crop in the mid-1800s and due to their unique biology have proved very difficult to manage. This book provides the first comprehensive treatment of genetics and genomics for this important group.With contributions from a panel of international experts, the book offers coverage of the most recent developments in the field, perspectives on future areas of research, and a special section on oomycete interactions with animal hosts.Oomycete Genetics and Genomics is an indispensable resource for researchers interested in drug and vaccine development, crop science, aquaculture, microbiology, ecology, plant sciences, and agricultural and environmental biology.     

Author Name :Kurt Lamour, Sophien Kamoun

No Of Visit :520      Posted Comments :

The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

In 1995, John Maynard Smith and Ers Szathmry published their influential book The Major Transitions in Evolution. The "transitions" that Maynard Smith and Szathmry chose to describe all constituted major changes in the kinds of organisms that existed but, most important, these events also transformed the evolutionary process itself. The evolution of new levels of biological organization, such as chromosomes, cells, multicelled organisms, and complex social groups radically changed the kinds of individuals natural selection could act upon. Many of these events also produced revolutionary changes in the process of inheritance, by expanding the range and fidelity of transmission, establishing new inheritance channels, and developing more open-ended sources of variation.Maynard Smith and Szathmry had planned a major revision of their work, but the death of Maynard Smith in 2004 prevented this. In this volume, prominent scholars (including Szathmry himself) reconsider and extend the earlier book's themes in light of recent developments in evolutionary biology. The contributors discuss different frameworks for understanding macroevolution, prokaryote evolution (the study of which has been aided by developments in molecular biology), and the complex evolution of multicellularity.     

Author Name :Brett Calcott, Kim Sterelny

No Of Visit :516      Posted Comments :

Electron Microscopy of Model Systems, Volume 96

This volume covers the preparation and analysis of model systems for biological electron microscopy.This will be the first compendium covering the various aspects of sample preparation of very diverse biological systems. Covers the preparation and analysis of model systems for biological electron microscopy. Includes the most popular systems but also organisms that are less frequently used in cell biology. This issue presents the currently most important methods for the preparation of biological specimens. This will be the first compendium covering the various aspects of sample preparation of very diverse biological systems.     

Author Name :Thomas Mueller-Reichert

No Of Visit :554      Posted Comments :

The Zebrafish 3rd edition

This volume on Genetics, Genomics, and Informatics, will cover new technologies in Forward and Reverse Genetics, Transgenesis, The Zebrafish Genome and Mapping Technologies, Informatics and Comparative Genomics, and Infrastructure. This volume of Methods in Cell Biology will prove valuable both to seasoned zebrafish investigators as well as to those who are newly adopting the zebrafish model as part of their research armamentarium.     

Author Name :H. William Detrich, Monte Westerfield, Leonard I. Zon

No Of Visit :513      Posted Comments :

Burton's Microbiology for the Health Sciences

Written in a straightforward and engaging style, this premier textbook provides students with the foundation in microbiology that they need to perform their day-to-day duties in a safe and knowledgeable manner. Coverage includes the core themes and concepts outlined for an introductory course by the American Society for Microbiology. Developed for current and future healthcare professionals, the text offers vital coverage of antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents, epidemiology and public health, hospital-acquired infections, infection control, and the ways in which microorganisms cause disease. This comprehensive new edition explores the major viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic human diseases, including patient care, and how the body protects itself from pathogens and infectious diseases. IRCD and Student CD are both Mac/PC compatible.     

Author Name :Paul G. Engelkirk, Janet Duben-Engelkirk

No Of Visit :495      Posted Comments :

Evolution on Planet Earth

Driving evolution forward, the Earth's physical environment has challenged the very survival of organisms and ecosystems throughout the ages. With a fresh new perspective, Evolution on Planet Earth shows how these physical realities and hurdles shaped the primary phases of life on the planet. The book's thorough coverage also includes chapters on more proximate factors and paleoenvironmental events that influenced the diversity of life. A team of notable ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and paleontologists join forces to describe drifting continents, extinction events, and climate change -- important topics that continue to shape Earth's inhabitants to this very day. In a world where global change has become an international issue, this book provides a several billion-year evolutionary perspective on what the environment and environmental change means to life.     

Author Name :Lynn Rothschild, Adrian Lister

No Of Visit :491      Posted Comments :

Plants

This book focuses on the many aspects that make plants such a valuable resource. It examines the uses of plants and their importance, as well as the goods and services they provide to communities and our high standard of living.     

Author Name :Julie Kerr Casper

No Of Visit :503      Posted Comments :

Plant Genomes

Recent major advances in the field of comparative genomics and cytogenomics of plants, particularly associated with the completion of ambitious genome projects, have uncovered astonishing facets of the architecture and evolutionary history of plant genomes. The aim of this book was to review these recent developments as well as their implications in our understanding of the mechanisms which drive plant diversity. New insights into the evolution of gene functions, gene families and genome size are presented, with particular emphasis on the evolutionary impact of polyploidization and transposable elements. Knowledge on the structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, centromeres and microRNAs is reviewed and updated. Taken together, the contributions by internationally recognized experts present a panoramic overview of the structural features and evolutionary dynamics of plant genomes. This volume of Genome Dynamics will provide researchers, teachers and students in the fields of biology and agronomy with a valuable source of current knowledge on plant genomes.     

Author Name :Jean-nicolas Volff

No Of Visit :492      Posted Comments :

Molecular Epidemiology of Microorganisms

This book provides valuable insight into the molecular genotyping methods for differentiation and classification of microorganisms at the subspecies level. It is intended for researchers in the field of molecular epidemiology of microorganisms. Students as well as experts in the field will find this book quite informative and useful. This is a valuable resource providing state-of-the-art techniques applied to the investigation of transmissible diseases, enabling researchers to unravel the routes of spread of pathogens for humans, animals, and plants.     

Author Name :Dominique A. Caugant

No Of Visit :486      Posted Comments :

Developmental Genetics and Plant Evolution

Discusses our increasing understanding of gene function and expression, and modern phylogenies which integrate morphological and molecular data, highlighting specific key transitions in plant evolution most worthy of study. It also explores new knowledge of the physical expression of plant development from disciplines such as anatomy and palaeobotany.     

Author Name :Quentin C. B. Cronk, Richard M. Bateman and Julie A. Hawkins

No Of Visit :163      Posted Comments :

Invasive Aquatic and Wetland Plants

Describes the problem of invasive aquatic and wetland plants in general before discussing such specific examples as the giant reed, purple loosestrife, and the giant salvinia, concluding with a look at methods of dealing with the issue.     

Author Name :Suellen May

No Of Visit :168      Posted Comments :

Food Hygiene Microbiology and HACCP

The first and second editions of Food Microbiology and Hygiene are established reference texts for the food industry, giving practical information on food microbiology, hygiene, quality assurance and factory design. The third edition has been revised and updated to include the latest developments concerning HACCP, food legislation and modern methods of microbial examination. The book is an essential text for microbiologists working in the food industry, quality assurance personnel and academic researchers.     

Author Name :P.R. Hayes, S.J. Forsythe

No Of Visit :156      Posted Comments :

Schaum's Outline of Microbiology, Second Edition

Fortunately for you, there's Schaum's Outlines. More than 40 million students have trusted Schaum's to help them succeed in the classroom and on exams. Schaum's is the key to faster learning and higher grades in every subject. Each Outline presents all the essential course information in an easy-to-follow, topic-by-topic format. You also get hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises to test your skills. This Schaum's Outline gives you: * Practice problems with full explanations that reinforce knowledge * Coverage of the most up-to-date developments in your course field * In-depth review of practices and applications. Fully compatible with your classroom text, Schaum's highlights all the important facts you need to know. Use Schaum's to shorten your study time-and get your best test scores!     

Author Name :I.Edward Alcamo, Jennifer Warner

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