Main Category: Social Science >> Sub Category: Sociology
LUCK, OR CUNNING AS THE MAIN MEANS OF ORGANIC MODIFICATION

Samuel Butler (1835-1902) was a British writer strongly influenced by his New Zealand experiences. He is best known for his utopian satire Erewhon; or, Over the Range (1872) and his posthumous novel The Way of All Flesh (1903). He went up to his father's alma mater, St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1854. Following graduation from Cambridge, Butler lived in a low-income parish in London. In September 1859 he emigrated to New Zealand. He wrote about his arrival and his life as a sheep farmer on Mesopotamia Station in A First Year in Canterbury Settlement (1863). Erewhon; or, Over the Range revealed Butler's long interest in Darwin's theories of biological evolution, and in fact Darwin had, like him, visited New Zealand. His close interest in the art of the Sacri Monti is reflected in Alps and Sanctuaries of Piedmont and the Canton Ticino (1881) and Ex Voto: An Account of the Sacro Monte or New Jerusalem at Varallo-Sesia (1888).     

Author Name :Samuel Butler

No Of Visit :236      Posted Comments :

Heroes and Hero Worship

On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History is a book by Thomas Carlyle, published with James Fraser, London, in 1841. It is a collection of six lectures held in May 1840.     

Author Name :Thomas Carlyle

No Of Visit :239      Posted Comments :

Transnationalism

Transnationalism' refers to multiple ties and interactions linking people or institutions across the borders of nation-states. This book surveys the broader meanings of transnationalism within the study of globalization before concentrating on migrant transnational practices. Each chapter demonstrates ways in which new and contemporary transnational practices of migrants are fundamentally transforming social, political and economic structures simultaneously within homelands and places of settlement.     

Author Name :Steven Vertovec

No Of Visit :233      Posted Comments :

Gender, Household and State in Post-Revolutionary Vietnam

This book examines gender in post-revolutionary Vietnam, focusing on gender relations in the family and state since the onset of economic reform in 1986. Drawing on a wide range of primary sources (including surveys, interviews, and responses to film screenings), Jayne Werner demonstrates that despite the formal institution of public gender equality in Vietnam, in practice women do not hold a great deal of power, continuing to defer to men in both the family and the wider community. Contrary to conventional analyses equating liberalisation and decentralisation with a reduced role for the state over social relations, this book argues that gender relations continued to bear the imprint of state gender policies and discourses in the post-socialist state. While the household remained a highly statist sphere, the book also shows that the unequal status of men and women in the family was based on kinship ties that provided the underlying structure of the family and (contrary to resource theory) depended less on their economic contribution than on family norms and conceptions of proper gendered behaviour.     

Author Name :Jayne Werner

No Of Visit :226      Posted Comments :

Young People, New Theatre

Young People, New Theatre is a how-to book; exploring and explaining the process of collaborating creatively with groups of young people across cultural divides.     

Author Name :Noel Greig

No Of Visit :268      Posted Comments :

The Mediation of Power

The Mediation of Power investigates how those in positions of power use and are influenced by media in their everyday activities. Each chapter examines this theme through an exploration of some of the key topic areas and debates in the field.     

Author Name :Aeron Davis

No Of Visit :473      Posted Comments :

JEAN BAUDRILLARD

This uniquely engaging introduction to Jean Baudrillards controversial writings covers his entire career focusing on Baudrillards central, but little understood, notion of symbolic exchange. Through the clarification of this key term a very different Baudrillard emerges: not the nihilistic postmodernist and enemy of Marxism and Feminism that his critics have constructed, but a thinker immersed in the social world and passionately committed to a radical theorizsation of it.     

Author Name :William Pawlett

No Of Visit :488      Posted Comments :

REHABILITATION-Beyond the risk paradigm

Over the last two decades, empirical evidence has increasingly supported the view that it is possible to reduce re-offending rates by rehabilitating offenders rather than simply punishing them. In fact, the pendulums swing back from a pure punishment model to a rehabilitation model is arguably one of the most significant events in modern correctional policy. This comprehensive review argues that rehabilitation should focus both on promoting human goods (i.e. providing the offender with the essential ingredients for a 'good' life), as well as reducing/avoiding risk.     

Author Name :TONY WARD and SHADD MARUNA

No Of Visit :176      Posted Comments :

CELEBRITY/CULTURE

In this fascinating and topical beginners guide, Ellis Cashmore explores the intriguing issue of celebrity culture: its origins, its meaning and its global influence. Covering such varied perspectives as fame addiction, the celebrification of politics and celebrity fatigue, Cashmore analyzes the relationship celebrity has with commodification and the consumer society, and investigates the new media and the quest for self-perfection.     

Author Name :ELLIS CASHMORE

No Of Visit :506      Posted Comments :

Revitalizing Causality

This book is a unique, cross-disciplinary collection of articles by philosophers, social scientists and social theorists who explore, at different levels of abstraction, what it means to invoke causal mechanisms, or powers, in the context of offering a causal explanation. Realism about causality is a compelling neo-Aristotelian alternative to the dominant Humean and Kantian approaches in philosophy and social science. Its proponents argue that causality is neither a misnomer for constant conjunction nor the exercise of a cognitive a priori, but rather is a matter of the powers that things have to affect other things.     

Author Name :Ruth Groff

No Of Visit :180      Posted Comments :

Habermas Rescuing the public sphere

If we are to believe what many sociologists are telling us, the public sphere is in a near terminal state. Our ability to build solidarities with strangers and to agree on the general significance of needs and problems seems to be collapsing. These cultural potentials appear endangered by a newly aggressive attempt to universalize and extend the norms of the market. For four decades Habermas has been trying to bring the claims of a modern public sphere before us. His vast oeuvre has investigated its historical, sociological and theoretical preconditions, has explored its relevance and meaning as well as diagnosing its on-going crises. In the contemporary climate, a systematic look at Habermas lifelong project of rescuing the modern public sphere seems an urgent task.     

Author Name :Pauline Johnson

No Of Visit :463      Posted Comments :

TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING IN THE UK

This extensively revised fourteenth edition incorporates the major changes to planning introduced by the 2004 Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act and the governments mission to change the culture of planning. It provides a critical discussion of the system of planning the institutions involved, the plans and other instruments that are used, the procedures for controlling development and land use change, and the mechanisms for implementing policy and proposals. It reviews current policy for sustainable development, housing and the Sustainable Communities Plan, the Barker Review, urban renewal and regeneration, the renaissance of city and town centres, the countryside, transport, and the heritage. Contemporary arrangements are explained with reference to their historical development, the influence of the European Union, the Labour government and changing social and economic demands for land use change.     

Author Name :Barry Cullingworth and Vincent Nadin

No Of Visit :462      Posted Comments :

Why Sports Morally Matter

When we accept that advertisers and sponsors dictate athletic schedules, that success in sport is measured by revenue, that athletes loyalties lie with their commercial agents instead of teams and that game rules exist to be tested and broken in the pursuit of a win, what does our regard for sport say about the moral and political well-being of our society?     

Author Name :William J. Morgan

No Of Visit :489      Posted Comments :

ANIMALS, DISEASE AND HUMAN SOCIETY

This book explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health. Writing from an historical and sociological perspective, Joanna Swabe's work discusses such issues as:     

Author Name :Joanna Swabe

No Of Visit :483      Posted Comments :

SOCIOLOGY

Sociology: The Key Concepts brings together a strong group of well- known experts to review ideas from all areas of this diverse and pluralistic discipline. Exploring the key debates and founding ideas of this excit- ing ?eld of study, the book is fully cross-referenced .     

Author Name :John Scott

No Of Visit :151      Posted Comments :

ANTI-RACISM

This introductory text provides students for the first time with an historical and international analysis of the development of anti-racism. Drawing on sources from around the world, the author explains the roots and describes the practice of anti-racism in Western and non-Western societies from Britain and the United States to Malaysia and Peru.     

Author Name :Alistair Bonnett

No Of Visit :469      Posted Comments :

ON DURKHEIMS ELEMENTARY FORMS OF RELIGIOUS LIFE

This is the first collection of essays to be published on Durkheim's masterpiece The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. It represents the work of the most important international Durkheim scholars from the fields of anthropology, philosophy and sociology.     

Author Name :N.J.Allen, W.S.F.Pickering and W.Watts Miller

No Of Visit :495      Posted Comments :

GRAMSCI AND CONTEMPORARY POLITICS

Can politics now be both radical and realistic? Gramsci and Contemporary Politics is a collection of Anne Showstack Sassoon's writing which spans the major transitions from Thatcher and Reagan to Clinton and Blair; the collapse of communism to the regeneration of social democracy. Applying original interpretations of Antonio Gramsci's ideas on the intellectuals, political language, civil society and political leadership, she argues that drawing from the past, and broadening contemporary sources of political and academic knowledge can contribute to a grounded, radical hegemonic politics which can bring about change.     

Author Name :Anne Showstack Sassoon

No Of Visit :482      Posted Comments :

IMAGINING CITIES

This book brings together some of the most recent and exciting work from within sociology and cultural studies. It examines urban theory, ethnic diversity and the politics of difference, nostalgia and memory and the image of the city.     

Author Name :SALLIE WESTWOOD and JOHN WILLIAMS

No Of Visit :507      Posted Comments :

THE MODERN STATE

This clear and comprehensive introduction sets out to answer baffling questions about the state. Having established what the state is and placing it in an historical context it deals with a set of key relationships for modern states.     

Author Name :Christopher Pierson

No Of Visit :476      Posted Comments :

Erving Goffman

Decades after his death, the figure of Erving Goffman (192282) continues to fascinate. Perhaps the best-known sociologist of the second half of the twentieth century, Goffman was an unquestionably significant thinker whose reputation extended well beyond his parent discipline. Greg Smith's book traces the emergence of Goffman as a sociological virtuoso, and offers a compact guide both to his sociology and to the criticisms and debates it has stimulated.     

Author Name :Greg Smith

No Of Visit :520      Posted Comments :

Zygmunt Bauman

This timely book provides the definitive concise introduction to the phenomenon of Zygmunt Bauman. After introducing the man, his major influences and his special way of 'thinking sociologically', author Blackshaw traces the development of Bauman's project by identifying and explaining the major shifts of emphasis in his work the break with Marxism and the postmodern 'turn', and the subsequent refocusing on 'liquid' modernity as well as offering a clear and accessible guide to the key conceptual hinges which move the reader on.     

Author Name :Tony Blackshaw

No Of Visit :482      Posted Comments :

Fifty Key Sociologists: The Contemporary Theorists

Fifty Key Sociologists: The Contemporary Theorists covers the life, work, ideas and impact of some of the most important thinkers in this discipline. Concentrating on figures writing predominantly in the second half of the twentieth century, such as Zygmunt Bauman, Pierre Bourdieu, Judith Butler, Michel Foucault and Claude Lvi-Strauss, each entry includes: full cross-referencing, a further reading section, biographical data, key works and ideas and critical assessment.     

Author Name :John Scott

No Of Visit :479      Posted Comments :

Fifty Key Contemporary Thinkers: From Structuralism to Post-Humanism

This revised second edition from our bestselling Key Guides includes brand new entries on some of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth- and twenty-first century: Zizek, Bergson, Husserl, Heidegger, Butler and Haraway. With a new introduction by the author, sections on phenomenology and the post-human, full cross-referencing and up-to-date guides to major primary and secondary texts, this is an essential resource to contemporary critical thought for undergraduates and the interested reader.     

Author Name :John Lechte

No Of Visit :468      Posted Comments :

MORAL PANICS

In this book, Kenneth Thompson traces the developments in moral panic studies and also reintroduces some of the initial broader relevance of this field by treating moral panics not simply as separate episodes but in relation to systems of representation and regulation, and as symptoms of wider social and cultural tensions.     

Author Name :Kenneth Thompson

No Of Visit :486      Posted Comments :

RISK

In this book, Deborah Lupton examines why risk has come to such prominence at this particular point in history. The author traces how risk has been constructed over time from pre-modernity to the later modern era and provides an introduction to the main theories surrounding the subject.     

Author Name :Deborah Lupton

No Of Visit :177      Posted Comments :

Habermas: The Key Concepts

An independently minded champion of the project of modernity in a supposedly post-modern age, Jurgen Habermas (1929- ) is one of the most widely influential thinkers of our times. An easy-to-use A-Z guide to a body of work that spans philosophy, sociology, politics, law and cultural theory, Habermas: The Key Concepts explores Habermas writings on: capitalism, genetics, law, neo-conservatism and universal pragmatics.     

Author Name :Andrew Edgar

No Of Visit :460      Posted Comments :

Sigmund Freud

To those who see Freud solely as a psychologist and a psychotherapist it may be surprising to find him discussed as a major contributor to sociology. Bocock demonstrates Freud's central relevance to sociological discussions about gender, sexuality, the family, religion, ideology and symbolism, political authority, and language. This is the only overview of Freud's work to focus on his sociological relevance.     

Author Name :Robert Bocock

No Of Visit :122      Posted Comments :

The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls

The concept of a social contract has been central to political thought since the seventeenth century. Contract theory has been used to justify political authority, to account for the origin of the state and to provide foundations for moral values and a just society.In The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls , leading scholars from Britain and America survey the history of contractarian thought and the major debates in political theory which surround the notion of social contract. The book examines the critical reception to the ideas of thinkers such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel and Marx, and includes the more contemporary ideas of Rawls and Gauthier.It also incorporates discussions of international relations theory and feminist responses to contractarianism. Challenging the notion that there is a single tradition that can be traced back beyond Hobbes to classical Greece, three distinct traditions are identified, alongside a series of anti-contractarian arguments which have played a role in shaping the debate to the present day. Together, the essays provide a comprehensive introduction to theories and critiques of the soical contract, within a broad political theoretical framework.     

Author Name :David Boucher and Paul Kelly

No Of Visit :460      Posted Comments :

Globalization

The constraints of geography are shrinking and the world is becoming a single place. Globalization and the global society are increasingly occupying the centre of sociological debates. Widely discussed by journalists and a key goal for many businesses, globalization has become a buzz-word in recent years. In this extensively revised and restructured new edition of Globalization , Malcolm Waters provides a user-friendly introduction to the main arguments about the process, including a chapter on the critiques of the globalization thesis that have emerged since the first edition was published.     

Author Name :Malcolm Waters

No Of Visit :474      Posted Comments :

DANIEL BELL

Daniel Bell is perhaps the most famous sociologist of his generation. He has been hailed as the prophet of the emergence of a new society, the postindustrial society, and as one of the leading conservative critics of contemporary culture.     

Author Name :MALCOLM WATERS

No Of Visit :444      Posted Comments :

NORBERT ELIAS

This series presents concise and readable texts covering the work, life and influence of many of the most important sociologists, and sociologically-relevant thinkers, from the birth of the discipline to the present day. Aimed primarily at the undergraduate, the books will also be useful to pre- university students and others who are interested in the main ideas of sociologys major thinkers.     

Author Name :Robert van Krieken

No Of Visit :504      Posted Comments :

Matriel Culture: The Archaeology of Twentieth-Century Conflict

Materiel culture encompasses the material remains of conflict, from buildings and monuments to artefacts and militia, as well as human remains. This collection of essays, from an international range of contributors, illustrates the diversity in this material record, highlights the difficulties and challenges in preserving, presenting and interpreting it, and above all demonstrates the significant role matriel culture can play in contemporary society.     

Author Name :Colleen M. Beck, William Gray Johnson, John Schofield

No Of Visit :482      Posted Comments :

Handbook of persuasive tactics

How many times have you had to persuade colleagues or acquaintances to accept your ideas or opinions? Now there is a user-friendly and accessible handbook that leads you through some 300 important persuasive tactics such as cross-referencing, analogy, argument presentation, humor, metaphor, and active listening, all presented in a clear and concise manner. Each tactic is described, illustrated by practical examples, and followed by suggestions for further reading.     

Author Name :Joan Mulholland

No Of Visit :474      Posted Comments :

Sex For Sale: Prostitution, Pornography, and the Sex Industry

Sex for Sale offers a window into the lived experiences of sex workers as well as an analysis of the larger gender arrangements and political structures that shape the experiences of workers and their clients. This groundbreaking collection of essays on the sex industry contains original studies on sex work, its risks and benefits, and its political implications. Sex for Sale covers areas not commonly researched, including gay and lesbian pornography, telephone sex workers, customers of prostitutes, male and female escorts who work independently, street prostitution, sex tourism, legal prostitution, and strip clubs that cater to women.     

Author Name :Ronald Weitzer

No Of Visit :465      Posted Comments :

OLD AGE

Recent decades have seen a fundamental change in the age structure of many western societies. In these societies it is now common for a fifth to a quarter of the population to be retired, for fewer babies to be born than is required to sustain the size of the population and for life expectancy to exceed eighty years old. This book provides an overview of the key issues arising from this demographic change.     

Author Name :John Vincent

No Of Visit :474      Posted Comments :

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